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Spine Surgery and Procedure

The spine is one of the most important neurological and skeletal structure of the human body that undertake a lot of physical and clinical problems. A spine can experience bending, fracture or can have a tumour. These complications require surgeries of different procedures which is called spinal cord surgery.

Spinal cord injuries can occur in four sections of the spinal cord: thoracic, lumbar, cervical, and sacral. The severity and types of spinal cord injury are depended on the section of the spine which is injured.

When do you need Spine surgery?

Spine surgery can help in relieving many causes of spinal cord injury, but it's not necessary. Most injuries can be resolved with medication and exercises within 3 months. Lower back pain is the most common ailments being viewed by family doctors. Spinal cord surgery might be an option if certain treatments and medication haven't worked and the pain is persistent. Spine surgery predictably relieves associated pain and numbness around the body.

Symptoms vary on the type of Spinal cord injury but, generally, pain can be localized at the site of the injury or infection. In Post-operative patients, these symptoms may occur:

  • Severe back pain
  • Muscle spasms
  • Pain and difficulty in urination
  • Wound drainage
  • Redness and Swelling near the incision
  • Dizziness


Options for Spine surgery

Options to be considered when conservative treatments don't bring any relief.

If the problem can’t be physically corrected such as spinal stenosis, herniated disc, surgery is an option to be considered when all conservative treatments were not able to relieve pain.

These are some following most common back surgeries: 


herniated disc

This surgery consists of the removal of part of a disc that is causing pain or other symptoms. There are 2 types of discectomy : 

Percutaneous: This involves removing the portion of a disc using a laser or suction device, with a narrow probe placed through small incision behind your back.

Microsurgical: This also requires a small incision, less than an inch long. In this type of discectomy, the surgeon uses a microscope to remove the damaged portion of the disc with a small portion of the bone that covers the spinal canal.



Laminectomy is used when more conservative treatments such as medication, physical therapy, and injections have failed to relieve the stress. It may also be considered if symptoms are worsening dramatically.

Spinal fusion

spinal fusion

Spinal fusion is used for the welding process between two or more vertebrae which are fused to form a single unit. It is used to prevent the motion that occurs between the vertebrae and relieve pain that is caused by the movement such as lifting, bending or twisting. It is also used to stop the progression of Spinal deformity.

Vertebroplasty and Kyphoplasty

Vertebroplasty and Kyphoplasty


These two surgeries are performed to relieve the pain and other problems associated with compression fractures of the vertebrae. These two procedures are essentially the same. Before injecting the cement material, the places a small device into the compressed vertebra inflates it. 


What are the risks involved? 

Any surgery has the potential for complications, Spinal cord surgery is no different. If you are going for spinal cord surgery, the first question will always be about the risks of your procedure. The patient must answer every question correctly about medical history, allergies, medication, and lifestyle. These answers can help the doctor to understand your problem. 

Factors that can affect your risk for spine surgery: 

  • Age

  • Overall health

  • Smoking status 

  • Osteoporosis

  • Previous surgical experience

How to get ready for Spine surgery?

If you're going for spinal surgery, you're probably thinking about how it will turn out. Hopefully, there's a lot you can do to make sure that your surgery is successful.

Exercise can help to keep yourself healthy and fit before Spinal cord surgery. If you're physically fit, you'll be able to neglect the issues of blood clotting and circulation at the time of your surgery. 

Educate yourself for the surgery you're going to have and don't take any non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs before surgery. Some drugs – including supplements like omega-3 fatty acids can thin your blood. Ask your surgeon about each prescription pill you take.

What can you expect from the procedure?

Pre-operative expectations for Spinal cord surgery is likely to vary depending on each individual. One should be fully prepared for what kind of techniques and procedures are going to operate. 

The most commonly used technique involves using a tubular retractor. During the procedure, a small incision is made and a tubular retractor softens the tissues down to the spinal column. 

The surgeon accesses the spine using small instruments which is fitted through the center of the tubular retractor. Some surgeries involve more than one retractor and incision. In Final, the tubular retractor is removed from the body and the muscle starts to return to its original position.

The post-procedure includes

Hospital Stay

The Spinal procedure that was operated will determine your time to stay in the hospital, It will determine how much assistance you may require after surgery. Many Spinal cord surgery procedures require one or nights in the hospital.

Frequent check-ups during the recovery process

The staff will check your circulation, motion of your legs and feet, you may also have an incentive spirometer to help your lungs to prevent pneumonia. Surgical tape, sutures or adhesive tape may be used to close the incision. 


In the first few days after surgery, there will be some pain that should be expected. It can be controlled by medication. Let your nurse know all kinds of pain you are in. There will be a switch in medication after a few days from pain medication to the pills you can take by mouth.


After your Spinal cord surgery, adjust your diet to keep your body healthy and functioning well is important. One should keep track of how many calories he/she is consuming per day and limit foods that are high in fats and sugar.

Spine Surgery Cost

Spine Surgery Cost in India

Spine injury is one of the most common injuries in adults and even in teenagers because of our lifestyle. But if you are suffering much from these conditions then you should call for a permanent solution. India has become a hub for Medical tourism and spinal cord surgery being one of the most preferred treatment destinations with an excellent success rate. In the last few years, India has been the first choice for spinal cord surgery. As the cost is less as compared to many countries, you do not have to wait in a queue for a long time for getting an appointment and treatment with top surgeons. 

When it comes to surgery, Cost plays a big role. Any Spinal surgery depends on various things such as hospitals, type of spine surgery cost in India, etc. Cost may vary between some best hospitals and some normal clinics although spine surgery cost in India is much cheaper as compared to any other multi-specialty country. The cost price for spinal cord surgery falls around 45% to 70% as compared to other specialty countries like the USA, UK, and Singapore.

Success rate of Spine surgery in India

The rate of success of Spine surgery in India is high. We can suggest that the rate in terms of pain relief is around 70% to 85% depending upon the patient's health. There are highly educated and experienced doctors working for more than 10 to 40 years as a specialist.  India provides the best facilities, infrastructure with all modern technologies for the treatment which is done by highly skilled doctors.

Why Spinal Cord Surgery in India?

  • India is the hub for medical tourism and the Spinal segment being one of the most preferred places with established success rate of Spinal cord surgery, many people love to travel to India for their treatment as the cost is low with high-class facility.

  • You do not have to wait in a queue for a long period for an appointment and treatment with top surgeons.

  • Indians are very friendly and helpful and can go out of the way to help others. English is widely spoken in India so there must be no language barrier.

  • India has a rich background in the medical field. Most of the hospitals serve first-class medical services with treatment.

  • Spine surgeons in India are most competent in performing any surgery because of their experience. They have a  success ratio and are renowned internationally.

How much is the Spine surgery cost in India?

Usually, the spine surgery cost in India is less than half of what it will cost you in western parts around the globe, which is one of the main reasons people travel to get treated in India. The cost of spinal cord surgery starts from 4,000 USD to 6500 USD depends upon the type of surgery.

 Cure2heal will list you the range of services and costs for every spinal cord surgery. We will provide you the range of services from consultancy, the best hospitals for you, to an estimated cost and everything in between. Reach out to our website to know more.

Spine surgery cost in India comparison:






Complex Spine surgery cost with Implants





Spinal Fusion





Simple Spine Surgery






As you can see the comparison between India and these Medical specialization countries, We check that the cost for any Spinal cord surgery is merely a fraction of the cost as compared to these countries. 

Cost for Spinal cord surgeries – 

Cure2heal listed the most commonly performed spine surgery cost in India with their cost:



Approx Cost (US $)

Stay at Hospital

Total Stay in India

Cervical Spinal cord surgery



3-4 days

2 weeks



4-5 days

2 weeks

Anterior Fusion


7-8 days

2-3 weeks

Posterior Fusion


7-8 days

2-3 weeks

Disc Replacement

9500 (With FDA approved implant)

5-6 days

2-3 weeks

Lumbar Spinal cord

Micro Discectomy


2-3 days

10 days



3 days

10-12 days

Posterolateral Fusion


7-8 days

2-3 weeks

Disc Replacement

9000 (With FDA approved implant)

5-6 days

2-3 weeks

TLIF inter-body fusion


5-6 days

2-3 weeks

PLIF inter-body fusion


5-6 days

2-3 weeks

Scoiliosis Surgery


6-7 days

3 weeks

Spinal Tumour Removal


8-10 days

3 weeks

Note: *the cost listed above is an approximation and should not be taken as the final cost of the surgery. The final cost will be ascertained only after surgery. The cost may also vary based on the exchange rate.

As shown in the table, spine surgery cost in India is around a sixth of the cost of spinal surgery in Europe even with the finest implants, surgeons, and hospitals.

Spine Surgery in India

Spine surgery in India is carried out in more than 2000 hospitals. Complex and advanced level of spine surgery procedures are carried out in many super specialty hospitals in India. In India, it will cost you around 7000 USD, which is cheaper than other countries like Singapore and Thailand. Spine surgery in India doesn't mean that you get low quality of services. The surgeons, experts, and doctors are highly qualified with a spacious amount of experience in handling every ailment in India. 

Why choose India for your Spine Surgery? 

The medical infrastructure and facilities in top Spine surgery in India are quite comparable to any best hospitals across the globe. Corporate hospitals in major cities define the state of the art technologies and advanced equipment availability. The rooms are as good as 5 Star Hotel with a high class of nursing and medical services. 

The Indian government issues a Medical Visa for you with much longer validity and multiple entries. 

Cure2heal will help to provide Medical Visa to India, just send us your details and we will issue a visa invitation letter.


The success rate of Spine surgery in India is quite higher about 80-90 percent. Patients can save between 50 to 60% on costs compared to the US or Singapore which does not define lower quality, low operating costs, lower medical costs, and different healthcare systems. 

Indian services take care of quick Visa letter, to and fro travel, tours, Health diet as advised by the surgeon, etc. People in India will ensure the utmost care to maintain ethics and respect in meeting the patient’s needs.

Qualification of Top spine surgeon in India

A qualified spine surgeon in India should have the following qualifications-

  • MS in Neuro-surgery or Orthopedics

  • M.Ch- Spine Surgery

  • Publications and Presentations in Reputed Scientific and Medical journals.

  • Wide Clinical background.

  • International Fellowships and Training

  • FRCS/MRCS from International Hospitals

Spine surgeons in India are well qualified and experienced at their work and most of them are internationally trained and experience. Best spine surgeons in India are those prominent doctors and surgeons who believe in providing the best service to their patients.

Hospitals for Spine Surgery in India

Spine surgery in India works according to the international benchmark by the global medical fraternity. They provide first-class levels of medical services with all the protocols of ambiance and quality. Most of them have JCI and ISO accreditations by NABH, NABL.

Some of the best hospitals for Spine Surgery in India – 

  • Artemis Hospital

  • Apollo Hospital, Greams Road, Chennai

  • BLK Super Specialty Hospital, New Delhi

  • Gleneagles Global Hospital, Chennai

  • Indraprastha Apollo Hospital, New Delhi

  • New Age Wockhardt Hospital, Mumbai

  • Medanta- The Medicity

Get your Medical Treatment with the best doctors in India

The risks of spine surgery in India could be zero if it is operated by best spine surgeons in India. In terms of Spinal cord surgeries in India, patients can expect effective and advanced surgery techniques by almost every spine surgeons and will not only just to relieve constant pain but will also help in recovery. You have to consult whether you need a neuro-surgeon or an orthopedist for your Spinal cord surgery.

List of Best Spine surgeons in India: 

  • Dr. Hitesh Garg – Medanta- The Medicity, Gurugram

  • Dr. B Mohpatra – India Spinal Injuries Center, New Delhi 

  • Dr. Sajan K Hegde – Apollo Hospitals, Greams Road, Chennai

  • Dr. Prakash Singh – Max Super Speciality Hospital

  • Dr. S Karunakaran – Global Hospitals, Chennai

Procedure to get Medical Treatment in India  

Many people still don't know the procedure of medical tourism. Do not feel doubtful about going abroad for treatment, It is easier than you think. You have to be well informed about the procedure and coverage charges of your treatment.

These are some steps you should take before applying Medical Visa: 

Consult your Local Doctor – 

You must consult your local doctor at your place first and discuss all the details you need to apply for a medical visa. Your local doctor will list choices regarding the hospitals to choose from in India.  

Search the Best spine surgeon and Spine hospitals in India – 

Indian hospitals and doctors excel in Spine surgery, therefore one should frantic search for good doctors and hospitals to know bills, procedures, and surgeries.

Cure2heal will help you to find Top Spine surgery in Indian hospitals and Top Neurologists in India in India. 

Prepare your passport and Medical Visa

Apply for your passport if you don't have it yet. You may require an entry visa also along with a Medical visa to apply for any treatment in India.

  • Prepare all your documents on your country's requirements for Medical Visa.

  • You can apply online and fill all the information they require.

After getting the Visa, contact your agent and send him all the information about your boarding.

Take Proper Follow- Up care

Your treatment is not completed with your surgery. You should have to follow all the aftercare rituals. Prepare yourself for your home visit and concentrate more on your recovery after your surgery.